The journal „Analele Bucovinei” („The Annals of Bukovina”) adopts the following ethics and malpraxis statement. The rights and responsibilities of the editors, peer reviewers and authors of this academic journal are based on the Best Practice Guidelines For Journal Editors1 established by COPE (Commitee on Publication Ethics,

Editors, peer reviewers and authors are responsible for complying with these ethical standards throughout the entire editorial process.


Editors are responsible for the decision to publish, have the responsibility and authority to accept or reject an article (if it does not meet the ethical and academic standards of the journal, does not fit into its theme and objectives or if it does not follow the instructions for authors).
Editors have the obligation to objectively manage articles submitted for evaluation for publication. The publication decision must be made exclusively on the basis of the academic merit of the submitted papers (importance, originality, clarity, relevance for the profile of the journal, etc.).
The editors have the responsibility of managing the peer review process. Each paper is sent to two reviewers, following the “double blind peer-review” system, which entails the anonymity of the authors and reviewers. If necessary, a third reviewer is consulted to provide an additional perspective on the manuscript. The editor-in-chief makes the decision of accepting or rejecting it based on these reviews.
The editors have the responsibility to verify the integrity of the published content, encouraging the publication of corrections or retractions when errors are reported.
Editors have the obligation to maintain the confidentiality of the information and ideas contained in the manuscript; access to the manuscript will be allowed only to reviewers and authorized members of the editorial board or of the scientific committee of the journal). The papers submitted for publication will not be used by editors or members of the editorial board for their own research without the explicit consent of the author.
Editors have the obligation to publish clear guidelines for authors on the theme of the journal, preparation rules and issues related to publication, and to regularly update these guidelines.
Editors have the responsibility to constantly improve the academic level of the journal by validating the quality of the published articles.



Peer reviewers have the obligation to ensure the evaluation process, assisting the editors in the publication decision; the reviewers have the obligation to support the authors in order to improve the quality of the work, objectively analyzing the manuscript. Critical remarks and points of view must be formulated clearly, objectively and reasonably; personal critical comments regarding the author are not allowed.

Peer reviewers have the obligation to signal any conflict of interests resulting from a competitive or collaborative relationship with one of the authors or with the institution associated with the work. Any reviewer who declines his competence in the field of expertise of the article in question or who knows that he cannot ensure a prompt evaluation must notify the editors or withdraw from the evaluation process.

Peer reviewers have the obligation to report to the editorial office regarding any suspicion of fraud and/or malpractice they have identified and of which they are aware (similarity of content between the text of the evaluated manuscript and that of a known text, already published).

Any article sent for evaluation must be treated as a confidential document. The contents of the manuscript must not be disclosed or discussed with persons other than those authorized by the editors; any information obtained as a result of the evaluation process (contained in articles accepted for publication or rejected) must not be used for personal gain without the consent of the authors.



Authors have an obligation to ensure that the article submitted to the editors contains their own, original work, it is not in an on-going evaluation process, it has not been previously published and is not considered for publication elsewhere. Submitting the same material for publication in multiple publications constitutes an unacceptable deviation from ethical principles.

Authors are responsible for the originality of their work and have an obligation to provide a statement, under their own responsibility, confirming that the entire content of the submitted manuscript is original and created through the exclusive contribution of the authors. All mentioned authors must have made significant contributions to the research in question.

Authors have the obligation to properly mention and cite reproduced content from other sources or obtain permission to reproduce any content derived from other sources. Any bibliographic source used by the authors must be fully cited, including for images/photographs/graphics, etc. Situations susceptible to fraud or malpractice, such as: republishing data subsequently analyzed without mentioning the source, plagiarism, publication without the consent of the authors, etc., will be analyzed by the peer reviewers and/or the members of the scientific committee; if any of the above violations is discovered, the article will be rejected.

Authors are responsible for the scientific content of their work. Authors must promptly notify the editors if they identify significant errors in their paper and provide retractions or corrections for those errors. The editor does not assume responsibility for text errors originating from the manuscript and appearing in the journal if the authors do not make the necessary corrections. Editors do not assume responsibility for the content of the articles published in the journal.

Once the paper has been accepted for publication, the copyright belongs to the journal and the publishing house. The use of published materials is done in accordance with the CC BY-NC license [], which allows the use of the published text for non-commercial purposes, with attribution and citation of the source.

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